Footprint. Types, what it says about your feet and how it can be analyzedAugust 05 2022
When we get out of the shower, the pool or when we walk on the beach, we leave behind us a trail of footprints of our feet. Although we don't care, these footprints are different depending on the person and have a lot of information about the footprint and overall foot health. It is what is known as plantar footprint.
Do you know what the footprint says about you? What types are there and how can they be analyzed?
TYPES OF PLANTAR FOOTPRINTS
Although there are wide variety of footprints depending on the type of foot, in the following design we show you the 4 most common in consultation:
- Normal foot. The foot does not present any type of deformity when taking the step.
- Flatfoot. The inner arch disappears or is flattened.
- Pie cable. The inner arch is larger than normal.
- Foot worth. The foot load shifts to the inner side.
In this video, you can see moving each of these footprints taking a step:
Here we tell you in depth how these footprints are analyzed y what information can be obtained about them.
HOW CAN THE FOOTPRINT BE ANALYZED? BIOMECHANICAL STUDY OF THE FOOT
There are many methods of obtaining the plantar footprint for biomechanical analysis. In recent decades, the computerized analysis It is the one that is imposing itself as the most used due to its great utility.
Regardless of the methodology that we use to analyze the footprint, it must be said that it is a essential test in the biomechanical assessment of any patient or athlete who suffers from discomfort when walking or playing sports (or simply wants to know more about their footprint or as a way of prevention).
The foot is the only part of our body that has contact with the environment in which we move, so depending on the way it does so, we will have consequences that can be causing biomechanical alterations.
At Podoactiva we carry out this analysis of the footprint of the foot, in static and in dynamic, through the so-called baropodometry. The test is included in the biomechanical study of the tread.
It is important to note that the plantar footprint alone, without performing a physical examination of the rest of the patient's biomechanics, is not recommended for diagnosis.
En our clinics We also have baropodometric systems in the form of instrumented templates, which allow us to carry out all this analysis but in a more specific way with different shoes for the patient's foot. Thus, it is possible to determine if the footwear may be the cause of any discomfort due to poor plantar support with it.
WHAT INFORMATION DOES THE PLANT FOOTPRINT PROVIDE? BAROPODOMETRY
Here at the baropodometry, through pressure sensors that connect to a computer via a USB cable, it provides quantitative information of the amount of load that supports the foot, being able to quantify by sectors and specific anatomical zones of the foot and determine excess pressure.
By representing the footprint with a colorimetric scale, we analyze the amount of medium pressure, and allows a better communication and understanding between podiatrist and patient.
Thanks to the areas of greater pressure (warmer color) the appearance of calluses, calluses and other pathologies can be predicted.
As a dynamic data From footprints, baropodometry can obtain the same type of information as colorimetry about the amount of load by zones that the foot carries out when we walk. In addition, the representation of the advance of the center of pressure of each foot is displayed. Depending on the path and forward speed we can relate it to altered movements of the foot, ankle, knee and hip joints.
This is one of the reasons why it is essential to always combine this type of analysis with a global biomechanical assessment of the entire lower extremity of the patient.
Other more technical data are the spatial representation of the center of orientation of the plantar pressures. It can be understood as center of balance that generates the plantar footprint depending on the pressures. These systems, in addition, allow registering in a anteroposterior and mediolateral oscillation graph. Another body pressure center is also obtained, which is represented as the balance point generated by the two plantar footprints. It partially corresponds to the projection towards the floor of the body's center of gravity (the center of gravity, in a standing position, is located in the pelvis).
The analysis and interpretation of the data must be carried out by a podiatrist specialized in biomechanics who can adequately relate it to the pathology that the patient presents or may present.
In short, the plantar footprint can give us a lot of information on patient biomechanics and allows us to relate many pathologies of the motor system with an alteration in the way of stepping, as well as providing us with clues of possible future pathologies that can be developed as Calluses, hardness, helomas, etc.
Do you want to know how your footstep is and if you step correctly? At Podoactiva we can help you. consult your podoactiva clinic nearest HERE or contact us at 974 231 280 or Traves de firstname.lastname@example.org.
Dr. Antonio Gomez
Podiatrist specialized in Biomechanics
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